Electrical safety testing
Electrical safety testing is essential to ensure safe operating standards for any product that uses electricity.
Various governing bodies have developed stringent requirements for electrical products that are sold worldwide. In most markets it is mandatory for a product to conform to safety standards promulgated by safety and standard agencies such as NICEIC, BSI and IET. To comply with such high standards, the product must pass safety tests such as the high voltage test (also called as Dielectric voltage-withstand test or high potential test), Insulation Resistance Test, Ground (Earth) Bond & Ground Continuity Test & Leakage Current Test (also called as Line Leakage Test, Earth Leakage Current Test, Enclosure Leakage Current Test or Patient Leakage Current Test). These tests are described in IEC 60335, IEC 61010 and many other recognised national standards.
In general, IEC 60335 is the most widely applied standard for electrical safety testing, especially for domestic appliances. Many safety testing standards in the world have been based on it. To safeguard workplace health and safety, many sections of the Occupational Health and Safety Regulation provide guidelines on electrical safety and the appropriate equipment required to work on low and high voltage electrical appliances.